Custom Air Brush Painting – How to airbrush a motorcycle helmet

Transformer Dubai offering best in airbrushing, custom painting race helmet painting, motorcycle helmets, cars, motorcycles, murals and graphics.



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Airbrush Painting Service – Transformer Dubai

Would you like to restore the paint on your car or customize it a bit to show your artistic side? Then what you need is a professional airbrush painting service.

Transformer Dubai is a leading Transformation service based in Dubai, UAE. We boast many years of combined experience in the services we provide to our customers. Our facility offers the latest in cutting edge technology to make your vehicle, boat, yacht, jet-ski or even private jet, stand out from the crowd.

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Air Brushing

My last article was about hand painting T-shirts with a paint brush and squeeze bottle fabric paint. Although I still hand paint shirts, I started to do air-brushing also. As a matter of fact sometimes I incorporate the two for absolutely unique work. You can even add a little silk-screened work, but for today let’s discuss air brushing.

Air-brushing was invented in the 1800’s. This technic of forcing air at a low psi through a tool, which is controlled by you. depending on the type of air brush you choose, single action, or dual action. You can control the amount, and width of paint, you spray, by pressing the trigger on the air brush. It releases air, then slowly pulling the trigger back, will release a fine amount of paint. Since our project is painting clothing you should use a dual action air brush. there are plenty of them out there, but when I first started in the early 90’s I went to Pearl Paints on Canal St in NYC and I choose a dual action Paasche kit. It came with three different size needle tips for different widths, and extra bottles for holding paint. Today there are many air brushes to choose from, such as Iwata, Badger, and Aztec. I still have the same air brush today along with a small badger compressor. You will also need different color paints. I use Createx. There are different type paints for different uses. Transparent, fluorescent, and opaque. During your experimenting you will learn the different uses of these paints.

I was raised in the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, NY. In the early 90’s Flatbush became a haven for all West Indians. Jamaican, Trini’s, Barbadians. Haitians you name it. So when the cartoon Bart Simpson came out I started drawing him. But living In a west Indian community I gave my Bart dread locks, gold teeth, gold chains, and expensive cars. It become a ghetto hit. Everyone wanted a shirt. I took a simple cartoon character and jazzed him up.

For under $200 you can get all the supplies you need to get started. Practice makes perfect, and it also makes a lot of fun. There will always be someone out there that will enjoy your art.

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How to Airbrush – a step by step guide to Airbrushing

Beginners should invest in either a bottom or siphon feed airbrush. Stick with a brand name as quality tools and parts are fairly easy to come by and it’s much easier to find help when issues arise. Regarding paint, any good water-based illustration type airbrush ready paint will do.

Step by Step guide to Airbrushing

1) Hold your airbrush as you would a pen with your index finger on top of the trigger. You can drape the air hose over your forearm to keep it out of your way. Both your hand and upper body should be relaxed. For now, hold the airbrush perpendicular to your painting surface.

2) With a double action airbrush pushing down on the trigger gives you air, pulling back gives you paint and doing both gives you air and paint. Practice pushing down the trigger; get in the habit now of always leaving the air on while airbrushing. Try pulling the trigger back to release paint as well as air. With a double action airbrush, the further you pull the trigger, the more paint you will apply.

3) Practice moving the airbrush towards and away from the paper. The further you are from the surface, the paint will cover a larger area as well as being less defined. The opposite is true when you move closer.

Airbrushing Techniques

Drawing a line
Using both hands to steady you, turn the air on, and slowly move the airbrush across the paper keeping your wrist locked. Pull back on trigger for paint and follow through with just the air on as you come off the paper.

The closer you are to the paper the smaller and thinner the line will be. The further away from the paper you are the larger the line will be. Do several lines, trying to keep them as straight as possible, all the way across the page.

With the airbrush at right angles to the paper, pull back on trigger to make a dot, and move across the paper making dots.

Practice doing a page of dots and then joining them together with lines.

Hold the tip of your airbrush several inches back from the left hand side of the paper. Start moving your airbrush right across the page and lightly apply color as you go. With the air still on, go back to the left side of the page and start all over again. Your goal is to cover the entire page in a nice, even shade/tone with no signs of starting or stopping.

The dagger stroke
The dagger or rat tail stroke is very useful. Often used in lettering, it goes from being wide doing to a very thin point. Begin with the airbrush slightly further away from the paper and as you sweep down, move the nozzle closer. Practice making daggers in all different directions until it becomes second nature.

This is another good exercise for helping gain control over the airbrush. Spray loops all the way across the paper, trying to keep them all exactly the same height and width. Once you can do this, try making loops with one side fat and the other side thin.


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Air Brushed: New Drones Make Painting Easier

Robert Dahlstrom and his wife own a beach house in Florida, and in 2013, it needed painting. His Internet security company, BluePrint Data in Jacksonville, Fla., was doing well, and he had extra time, so he decided to paint the house himself.

“I painted houses working through college, so I just put up scaffolding and climbed up to paint my own house,” he said. “With a tired arm and a tired neck, I quickly realized I wasn’t in college anymore, and I said to myself, ‘There must be a better way.’”

Now Dahlstrom and others are developing aerial drones and ground-based robots to paint buildings, towers, bridges, ships, dams and other structures not only more efficiently but more safely. In the United States alone, 95 climbers working on cell and other industrial towers died between 2004 and 2012, according to a 2015 Federal Aviation Administration report. Climbers working on towers have a fatality rate that is 10 times that of construction workers, Dahlstrom noted. Moreover, according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the most dangerous thing a worker can do is climb a ladder. In 2014, falls accounted for roughly 40 percent of all the deaths in construction, the most dangerous line of work in the U.S., according to the Department of Labor.

“It’s 2016—why are people putting themselves in danger hanging off buildings and climbing up scaffolds and exposing themselves to inhaling toxic chemicals when we have robotic systems that can do this?” Dahlstrom said.

Colorful New Market

Apellix, the new company that Dahlstrom formed in 2014 to provide painting services with drones, currently focuses on the oil and gas, shipping and infrastructure industries—each of which has a painting market segment worth more than $2 billion. They are part of a global market for paint and coatings valued at $127.3 billion in 2013, with $25.4 billion of that in the U.S. alone, according to a 2014 report from the World Paint & Coatings Industry Association.

Drones have the potential to capture a significant portion of those markets through more cost-effective service.

For instance, when it comes to shipping, a standard cruise or cargo ship has an underwater hull area 60,000 to 80,000 square feet in size that requires more than $100,000 worth of paint. This takes a work crew of about 30 people four days to set up scaffolding, paint, and remove the scaffolding. Every day a ship spends in dry dock being painted can cost more than $1 million in lost revenue.

“If we can have a robotic system do that in one day of dry dock, that’s three days less lost revenue,” he said.

The Worker Bee

Apellix’s Worker Bee drone is a commercial off-the-shelf Turbo Ace Matrix quadcopter connected to a mobile base station via an umbilical cord. The drone has a spray wand to paint walls, while the base station houses the paint reservoir, air compressor and power source. It can reach up to three stories high.

“By taking the battery off, we can take off a couple of extra pounds,” Dahlstrom said.

When he first came up with the idea for a painting drone, “I thought, ‘drones can only fly for about 20 minutes, and paint is heavy, meaning they can only fly with it for about five or 10 minutes. How am I going to get around that?’” Dahlstrom said. “The eureka moment was using an umbilical cord. You can keep the paint and power on the ground, and pump everything on the ground, and the sensors and software would control everything. I did a proof of concept, and have five patents pending now.”

Apellix uses a 3,000-psi Titan Industrial air compressor. “We’re also experimenting with a 7,300-psi compressor for the heavier paint used on industrial ships,” Dahlstrom said. “In terms of paint, it’s just ugly grey and green and black, ‘oops’ paint that was mixed incorrectly or that a homeowner got wrong from Sherwin-Williams within walking distance from my house.”


The drone uses LiDAR for 3-D scanning, optical and ultrasonic sensors for sub-millimeter depth perception to determine distances to walls, and temperature and humidity sensors that can help refine its painting strategies. It also uses short-wave infrared (SWIR) sensors to look for invisible details such as structural weaknesses, which could help paint manufacturers avoid lawsuits.

“For the most part, when it comes to all the paint that’s sold, paint manufacturers don’t know how it’s applied,” Dahlstrom said. “There are really large lawsuits out there, over paint or coatings peeling off and not lasting as long as they should, that blame the paint manufacturers—while the paint manufacturers say that it’s not the paint, but how it’s applied. A robotic system can measure all these environmental variables involved, such as humidity, temperature of the air, temperature of the surface, and add high-resolution video or snapshots to help address these issues. Paint companies might even take a product offering that normally has a five-year warranty and say that if it’s applied properly within specifications, it has a 10-year warranty.”

Right now the Apellix system can paint a little faster than a person. “However, the drone can paint continuously, whereas people have to stop and move themselves to spray again,” Dahlstrom said. “By not having to put up a scaffold and reposition itself, our estimates suggest that it can paint eight to 12 times faster than a person.”

“There’s a huge element of safety with drone painting, and there can be substantial labor savings, and higher consistency and quality,” John Salvatore, CEO of the Carlstar Group and former CEO of BASF Construction Chemicals Americas, said of Apellix. “Put that all together and it’s a hell of a combination.”

Making It Work

Flying while administering paint presents unusual technical challenges. To make sure propeller wash does not affect the paint spray, Apellix tinkered with the size of the drone’s spray wand and propeller blades, as well as the distances it should keep from walls, Dahlstrom added. To avoid problems caused by the paint spraying onto the drone and its propellers, Apellix coats the Worker Bees with Gentoo, a clear super hydrophobic nanoparticle material from business partner UltraTech International in Jacksonville, Fla.

“If paint does get on, you can brush it off with a damp cloth or sponge,” Dahlstrom said.

The fine control of the Worker Bee’s distance from the surface to be painted is also important to success.

“If a spray nozzle is too close to a surface, the paint bounces off, but if it’s too far, it atomizes and not enough catches,” Dahlstrom said. The exact desired distance can vary “depending on paint viscosity, the nature of the surface, humidity, or temperature—the sunny side versus the shady side of a house. Good intuitive painters know this intuitively from doing it years and years, but even then, you can’t expect people to keep spray wands exactly the same distance from a wall the entire time they are painting. Drones can keep the proper distance from the wall and prevent overspray or underspray. We’re replacing human judgment with science.”

One major challenge Apellix faced is how to enable its drones to fly very close to surfaces, and sometimes even touch them.


“The drone sometimes has to have a probe touch the wall to, say, measure the thickness of a deposited film,” Dahlstrom said. The problem there was that when their drone encountered resistance from a wall, it perceived it as resistance from wind and thought it was getting blown off position. To compensate, it accelerated into the “wind.”

“We had a lot of drone crashes,” Dahlstrom said. “But crashing isn’t that bad. We tell our developers it’s good—if they’re not crashing, they’re not iterating fast enough.”

To prevent these crashes, “we reprogrammed the autopilot, and added sensors,” Dahlstrom said. “We have two sensors that give the exact distance to the wall. If one is slightly off, it corrects the angle, so a probe can hit the wall perfectly straight on—if the drone touches the wall at an angle, it can do things you don’t want, like crashing.”

Adding the umbilical cord was also a challenge.

“Drones were never intended to have a material-transfer system put on them,” Dahlstrom said. “The umbilical cord not only drags on the drone as it moves along, but you have this occasionally semi-rigid cord with high-pressure material within it that can actually push the drone around, so we have software to mitigate that from happening.”

Adding an umbilical cord did help solve a different design problem, however—keeping the wind from pushing the drone around.

“We have noticed adding a tether to the middle of the drone helps it hold position well, just as adding a tail to a kite helps it fly much better,” Dahlstrom said.

Software and data from sensors such as accelerometers, barometers, gyroscopes and GPS also help the drone compensate for how wind and spraying can push it around. Dahlstrom said his previous experience in the software industry is key to his drone work now.

“I’ve often reflected on why nobody else tried doing something similar to this beforehand,” Dahlstrom said. He recalled that at an event with other drone companies, others would say “that drones can’t do that. Because my background is in software, I see drones as flying computers, and see them as able to do things that maybe other people don’t see.”


“For instance, some hobbyist quadcopters have a button where you can push a button and it will execute a flip,” he said. “To do that manually takes hundreds of hours of flight time to do skillfully. Once you put it into code, it’s a no-brainer—it can do it consistently and repeatably and accurately.”

“We’re doing things drones were never intended to do,” Dahlstrom said. “They were intended to fly far and fast and not have anything attached to them. Ours are flying close to a surface, and slow, and tethered.”

Autonomous Future

The Apellix system is only semi-autonomous—it can’t do 100 percent of the painting. Instead, pilots remote control the drone, which is throttled to a maximum speed of 3 mph. “You press a button and the software moves it to the optimal distance from the surface, and you move the joystick to paint,” Dahlstrom said.

Still, “this computer-assisted flight can achieve about 80 percent of the benefits of a fully autonomous system and get to the market much quicker and with less expense,” Dahlstrom said. “Even if it was fully autonomous, it’d still need a person there to monitor the system and take over should something go wrong. But we do aim for it to be fully autonomous in the future.”

Although Apellix’s cautious pace of development “might be slower than I think anybody would like, I think getting it right is really important,” Salvatore said. “Getting a consistent spray is important, and a stable drone is really, really important.”

A large part of painting is not simply the act of applying paint, but also preparing surfaces beforehand.

“The prep work still needs to be done by people,” Dahlstrom said. “As the technology improves, maybe some of that prep work can be done by drones as well, such as washing or sandblasting. Right now if the drone is painting a surface and it comes to an area that needs prep, it will skip it in continue spraying. Once the job is mostly complete, then you can send people in, do prep work, and send the drone back to touch up those areas.”

Apellix has nondisclosure agreements signed with some of the world’s largest paint and spray equipment manufacturers, Dahlstrom said. Apellix hopes to have a commercially available spray-painting drone the first half of 2017.

“We get contacted quite often with potential ideas for the drone, anything from painting power transmission towers to cell phone towers and even wind turbines,” Dahlstrom said. “There are about 1 million power transmission towers. Most of them need coatings, and there’s a huge backlog of deferred maintenance. Robotic systems could help catch up on this dangerous work.”

There are many other potential applications for Apellix besides painting.

“We can use compressed air to clean solar panels, or imagine window-washing skyscrapers,” Dahlstrom said. In addition, “Italian energy companies are now contemplating putting a superhydrophobic coating on the blades of wind turbines to keep them clean longer and reduce wind resistance, but it’s a nanoparticle, and to protect yourself, you need a full suit and air hose. Now imagine wearing that while rappelling down from the center of a wind turbine with a spray gun. Instead, fly in a drone.”

Painter Bots

In addition to aerial painting devices, researchers are developing ground-based painting robots. A machine known as PictoBot from Singapore is aimed at spray-painting the interiors of industrial buildings there, painting walls up to three stories high with its robotic arm.


Industrial buildings often possess high ceilings to accommodate bulky industrial equipment and materials. Painting their interiors requires at least two people—one in a safety harness and one operating the lift.

As with Apellix, one of the main benefits of the PictoBot is safety, its developers said. In tests, the 1.5 ton robot also “takes about 25 percent less time than humans at painting, and the painting is very precise,” said I-Ming Chen, director of Nanyang Technological University’s Robotics Research Center in Singapore. It only requires one human supervisor, “and one supervisor can supervise more than one machine,” Chen said. “It can also run without light for 24-hour operation.”

PictoBot consists of a mobile base that has a robot arm mounted on an elevatable platform. At the end of the arm is a spray nozzle, an optical camera that scans the workspace to calculate the trajectory of the paint, and laser and ultrasound sensors for navigation, range-finding and obstacle avoidance. The robot and its 2,000-psi air compressor can work four hours on one charge of its rechargeable lead-acid battery, and its paint tanks can hold 120 liters. It can navigate on the ground and paint autonomously without human intervention.

“There are huge advantages to being on the ground—you don’t have to worry about gravity,” Dahlstrom said. “However, if you’re on the ground, you’re also restricted as to how high you can go.”

PictoBot was developed in a year by scientists from Nanyang Technological University in cooperation with JTC Corporation, Singapore’s principal developer of infrastructure, as well as Singaporean startup Aitech Robotics and Automation.

“Singapore is very small, and we have a shortage of skilled workers, so this was a project to see what kind of innovative applications we can use given our workforce constraints,” Chen said.

One challenge Chen and his colleagues faced while working on PictoBot is how it can sometimes vibrate, affecting the robot arm’s performance. “Some of that vibration we could not eliminate mechanically,” Chen said. “We factored it in as an external disturbance into the trajectory-planning algorithm.”

Chen noted this robot could do more than painting. “This is a platform technology that you can mount something else on for other purposes—for instance, you can paint a very thin layer of cement to make a surface very smooth, so this machine could do surface preparation as well as painting, or spray water to do cleaning,” Chen said. “We also have another robot to do quality assessments of finished buildings—checking defects in construction. And we are working on painting outer walls, although that research is ongoing.”

Drones for Art

In the future, robots may move beyond coating monotonous surfaces to painting more complex images.

“The challenge is that robots right now only paint one single color,” Chen said. “PictoBot uses a water-based paint, and if it finished with one color and wanted to paint with another, it’d need to flush the whole system. To make PictoBot paint two or many different colors at once, like an inkjet painter, you’d need a new painting head. I think that’s doable, but not at the moment.”

One researcher investigating the possibility that drones could be used to draw murals is Paul Kry, an associate professor at McGill University’s School of Computer Science in Montreal. He and his students are programming tiny quadrotor drones to create drawings dot by dot, an artistic technique known as stippling.

Retroflector markers on the palm-sized drones let a camera-equipped computer with motion-capture software pinpoint where each drone is in space. The computer steers the drones back and forth toward and away from a surface to draw.

The drones are equipped with a miniature arm that holds a bit of ink-soaked sponge. They collide with surfaces with their brushes, dabbing until they paint, say, portraits of Alan Turing, Grace Kelly, and Che Guevara, among others. Each drawing is composed of a few hundred to a few thousand black dots of varying sizes.

The researchers were able to get about 70 dots from each drone before they drained their batteries. The scientists also experimented with tethering the drones so they did not need to replace their batteries, and giving them inkwells the drones could get new ink from. Kry noted that even very slight air currents can knock the featherweight drones off course, so they want to scale up to larger drones.

One problem with drawing complex images with quadrotor drones “is that you have to tilt to fly left or right,” Kry said. “Placing a mark or drawing a line on a wall with precise control with only four motors is challenging. Ground-based robots have absolute control, and perhaps can point nozzles in more hard-to-reach places.”

Still, eventually drones could be deployed to paint artwork on hard-to-reach outdoor surfaces, including curved walls, Kry said. Current advertisements often involve placing giant vinyl stickers on walls which do not unroll well on irregular surfaces. “Drones may paint curved shapes, like the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel,” Kry said.

Dahlstrom and Chen both stressed that automation will not put human painters out of jobs.

“Mostly these robots do large areas—if you can do fine painting of every edge and corner, people have value,” Chen said. “Robots don’t really replace human jobs. They just make our jobs easier.”

“We’re moving people from dangerous situations,” Dahlstrom said. “I was talking with the CEO of a company in the oil and gas industry, and he said that in his 30 years in the industry, he had to tell four mothers that their sons are never coming home again. If we can prevent those conversations from happening, we should be doing it.”


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What exactly is Water Transfer Printing?

Water transfer printing is utilized on from boats to cars to guns. It’s durable enough to print on these surfaces in a variety of patterns. Using this method of printing is much more durable then paint and decals. It can be made to survive in long conditions of subjection. Metals, glass, and plastics are the most typical thing to be printed because they are durable materials themselves, wood can warp and splinter therefore it is only utilized on hard woods. The primary goal of professioneller is always to convey a lasting finish, generally a pattern, while on an item that is to be in strenuous and wearing conditions.

Water transfer is also known as hydro imaging, hydro dipping and hydrographics. It’s a somewhat new promote for the common consumer because costs recently been decreased. Hydro imaging has been around for several years but it was primarily used solely within the military. It turned out a great way to camouflage guns but it was a high priced technology so just the military had usage of it. Recently both equipment and machinery are becoming cheaper for that average small company so the industry is beginning to grow.
A few of the great things about water transferring printing can be found in many different sports. As an example in hunting you can camouflage everything. So that your gun can have a camouflage that can match the terrain you normally hunt it. It won’t produce a ton of sense to possess a camouflage which is of forest foliage when you find yourself hunting in the desert. Hydro imaging enables you to customize your gun for almost any terrain. It may also help you personalize anything you own. Your gun, ATV or boat will be noticeable as yours because you’ve customized it with the pattern or design that suits your personality.
Apart from practical uses like camouflage, and branding your equipment as unique additionally, it may add safety precautions. Whenever you include a unique pattern to something it will help it be noticeable. When you include a unique pattern on your ATV when you are riding about the sand dunes your will be easily spotted by other motorists and perhaps accidents will likely be avoided. Using unique patterns and designs bring another part of safety simply because draw attention, you don’t have to paint your gear safety orange to have attention but something unique and stunning can have the identical effect.
Water transfer printing can be a new and upcoming technology that has a variety of options and uses. It’ll be exciting to see where this industry goes. It is durable, unique and price effective, it is going to only grow in the next several years.

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Hydrographics – Print on anything

A good friend of mine recently opened his business dealing with Water Transfer Printing (WTP), where objects are dipped into a chemically activated bath with a designed graphic foil for coating the said object. You’ve seen this being done on shows before like American Chopper or seen videos of this the printing being done on YouTube.

So what kinds of benefits are there versus the traditional paint or airbrush methods to laying down designs? While airbrushing and hand drawn designs can be intricate, the process is labour intensive and time consuming. With WTP, the process is faster and much more efficient. Man hours are still spent on preparing the surface to optimize surface bonding with the layer of graphics material, to produce a flawless bond and finish but the printing process is for sure much faster than the previously mentioned air brush or hand drawing designs on any surface. Man hours for the preparation will vary, depending on the condition of the printing surface, damage, size, complexity and the amount of preparation needed prior to printing.

One of the beautiful things about the printing and finishing is the interchangeability of the surface texture, from gloss to matt and vice versa allowing the printer to play around with these textures, depending on what the customer wants. Items for dipping can literally be for applications ranging from automotive and motorcycles to interior deco and home appliances, sporting goods, nautical, aerospace and if you have a whim, a coffee machine.

There are endless designs to choose from, while the printing material also follows the contours and profile of the printing surfaces, ensuring that no 2 prints are ever the same. The technology comes from Japan, while paints, foils, supplies and all the equipment in the shop come from Germany. Additionally to note, Michael the owner of the business happens to be German too. So right there, you get German quality products and equipment, by a German trained in Germany who will give you the renowned German quality in workmanship and attention to detail that we have all come to love. Michael takes pride in his service and products and definitely will not let anything less than perfect leave his shop.

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Everything You Need to Do if You’re in a Car Crash

We hope you never have to use this advice, but the more you know . . .

One of the sad realities of driving is that eventually, you’re probably going to be involved in a wreck. Sometimes you make an unfortunate mistake. Other times, it’s entirely the other person’s fault. Either way, even if you have great insurance, dealing with a crash is almost always a hassle.

But when you do have an avoidable contact incident, how you respond can drastically impact the outcome. In his latest podcast, consumer protection attorney and R&T contributor Steve Lehto walks you through everything you should do after an accident.

While some of it is pretty much common sense, not all of it is so obvious. For example, even in a single-car accident, you might still be responsible for property damage. And because of the way a lot of these laws are written, wrecking a vehicle on your own private property can still result in a citation.

Check out the podcast below to hear the rest of Lehto’s advice. We hope you never have to use it, but it’s still good to know.


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